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A “student with a disability” is a person enrolled at a community college who has a verified disability which limits one or more major life activities, resulting in educational limitations. ​

Here at Napa Valley College, we understand that unique differences require individual solutions. We are here to serve a diverse group of people with a wide variety of needs.

Types of Disabilities

  • Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) is defined as a deficit in brain functioning which results in a total or partial loss of cognitive, communicative, motor, psycho-social and/or sensory perceptual abilities, and limits the student's ability to access the educational process. (Title V)

    ​Authority cited: Sections 67312, 70901 and 84850, Education Code. Reference: Sections 6710-6712 and 84850, Education Code.
  • Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is defined as a neurodevelopmental disorder that is a persistent deficit in attention and/or hyperactive and impulsive behavior that limits the student's ability to access the educational process. (Title V)

    Authority cited: Sections 67312, 70901 and 84850, Education Code. Reference: Sections 67310-67312 and 84850, Education Code.
  • Autism Spectrum disorders are defined as neurodevelopmental disorders described as persistent deficits which limit the student's ability to access the educational process. Symptoms must have been present in the early developmental period, and cause limitations in social, academic, occupational, or other important areas of current functioning. (Title V)

    Authority cited: Sections 67312, 70901 and 84850, Education Code. Reference: Sections 67310-67312 and 84850, Education Code.
  • Blindness and Low Vision is defined as a level of vision that limits the student's ability to access the educational process. (Title V)

    Authority cited: Sections 67312, 70901 and 84850, Education Code. Reference: Sections 67310-67312 and 84850, Education Code. 
  • Deaf and Hard of Hearing (DHH) is defined as a total or partial loss of hearing function that limits the student's ability to access the educational process. (Title V)

    Authority cited: Sections 67312, 70901 and 84850, Education Code. Reference: Sections 67310-67312 and 84850, Education Code.
  • Intellectual Disability (ID) is defined as significant limitations both in intellectual functioning and in adaptive behavior that affect and limit the student's ability to access the educational process. An individual may have an intellectual disability when:

    1. the person's functioning level is below average intellectual ability; and
    2. the person has significant limitations in adaptive skill areas as expressed in conceptual, social, academic and practical skills in independent living and employment; and,
    3. the disability originated before the age of 18. (Title V)

    Authority cited: Sections 67312, 70901 and 84850, Education Code. Reference: Sections 67310-67312 and 84850, Education Code.
  • Learning Disability (LD) is defined as a persistent condition of presumed neurological dysfunction which may exist with other disabling conditions. The dysfunction is not explained by lack of educational opportunity, lack of proficiency in the language of instruction, or other non-neurological factors, and this dysfunction limits the student's ability to access the educational process. To be categorized as a student with a learning disability, a student must meet the following criteria through psycho-educational assessment verified by a qualified specialist certified to assess learning disabilities:

        1. Average to above-average intellectual ability; and
        2. Statistically significant processing deficit(s); and/or
        3. Statistically significant aptitude-achievement discrepancies. (Title V)

  • Mental Health disability is defined as a persistent psychological or psychiatric disability, or emotional or mental illness that limits the student's ability to access the educational process. For purposes of this subchapter, conditions that are not described and/or excluded in the American Psychiatric Association Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) or the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) are not covered in this category. (Title V)

    Authority cited: Sections 67312, 70901 and 84850, Education Code. Reference: Sections 67310-12 and 84850, Education Code; 42 U.S.C. Sec. 12101; American Psychiatric Association (2013). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Fifth ed.). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Publishing.
  • Physical disability is defined as a limitation in locomotion or motor functions. These limitations are the result of specific impacts to the body's muscular-skeletal or nervous systems, and limit the student's ability to access the educational process. (Title V)

    Authority cited: Sections 67312, 70901 and 84850, Education Code. Reference: Sections 67310-67312 and 84850, Education Code.
  • Other Health ​​Conditions and Disabilities includes all students with disabilities, as defined in Section 56002, with other health conditions, and/or disabilities that affect a major life activity, which are otherwise not defined in Sections 56032-56042, but which limit the student's ability to access the educational process. (Title V)

    Additional Information:
    Due to legal responsibilities, policy requires that a member of Police Services be summoned in case a person on campus has a seizure with convulsions.  Therefore students with seizure disorders are advised to identify themselves to NVC's Health Services Department by scheduling an appointment with the Nurse Practitioner.  This appointment will inform students of the campus policies and procedures as it relates to assisting a student who has a seizure while on campus.

    Authority cited:  Sections 67312, 70901 and 84850, Education Code. Reference: Sections 67310-12 and 84850, Education Code.  ​